Xinhua viewpoint wechat news, recently held the Central Committee of comprehensive deepening reform leading group meeting stressed that we should improve the treatment of technical workers. This news has aroused widespread attention from the society. Who is a technical worker, what is the status quo of technical workers in China and how to improve the treatment of technical workers? On these issues, the reporter interviewed the relevant head and relevant experts of the Ministry of human resources and social security.
How many "eight class workers"? Only 6%
According to the relevant head of the Department of vocational capacity building of the Ministry of human resources and social security, at present, there are more than 165million skilled workers in China, accounting for 21.3% of the total number of employed personnel, but only 47.91 million high skilled personnel, accounting for 6.2% of the total number of employed personnel.
High skilled personnel are usually referred to as "eight level workers" and other high-tech personnel. At present, China has initially formed a team of high skilled talents with increasing scale, optimized structure and improved quality. However, the total amount or proportion still has a considerable gap with the requirements of high-quality economic development.
In addition, there are still some problems in the structure of high-tech talents and the talent cut-off. From the perspective of market supply and demand, in recent years, the ratio of skilled workers (the ratio of number of jobs to the number of job seekers) has been more than 1.5:1, and the ratio of senior technicians has reached more than 2:1, and the contradiction between supply and demand is very prominent.
Chiyuefeng, a precision smelting engineer of Huaxiang, recorded at the entrance of the workshop (taken on November 1, 2017). He is an old foundry in the smelting industry for more than 30 years.
Our "Jade Rabbit" can explore the moon, Jiaolong can also go to the sea, which shows that the top skilled talents in China can be compared with any country. But our automobile manufacturing, precision instrument processing, even watches, jewelry and so on are still far from the world power. The scale and quality of the technical talents, the inheritance of craftsman spirit are the key factors.
Zhoutianyong, vice president of the International Strategic Research Institute of the Central Party school, said that at present, the structure of technical talents in China is still unreasonable, which is still a constraint factor for the development of high-quality economy and the advantage of "talent dividend".
"Technicians are like pyramids, high skilled people are at the top of the tower. Without the foundation of a large number of skilled workers, it is difficult to make breakthroughs in high-level. " Zhang qizo, director of the G20 and the Development Strategy Research Center for emerging countries, said.